There are three primary colors which are red blue and yellow, all other colors can be created by mixing these primary colors with each other’s, and if we mix all three together will produce a muddy brown.
The secondary colors purple green and orange are created by mixing primary colors where red and blue produce purple. Blue and yellow produce green. Yellow and red produce orange
Tertiary colors are created by mixing a primary color with a secondary color to produce red orange, red purple, blue purple, blue green, yellow green, and yellow.
Hue is the name of a color like red, blue, green, yellow and orange.
Saturation refers to the intensity or purity of a hue. High saturation means the color is really bright and desaturation means the color looks dull or washed out.
Value refers to the degree of lightness or darkness of the hue. This value scale shows you a full range of values.
Shade is a color produced by adding black, so here you have a variety of shades of red made by mixing the red with increasing amounts of black.
Tint is a color produced by adding white, so now you have a variety of red tense made by mixing the red with increasing amounts of white.
Tone is a color produced by adding gray so now you have a variety of red tones made by mixing red with increasing amounts of grey.
When artists talk about color temperatures they mean either warm colors which are reds oranges and yellows or cool colors which are Purple's blues and greens opposite temperatures create visual contrast and have different psychological effects generally warm colors appear bright
Cheerful and happy while cool colors appear dark mysterious and gloomy. This is not always the rule though it really depends on how you present the colors.
General rules for applying saturation and value to any art work:
- Don't overdo it
- Use it to guide the viewer
- Use it to tell the story
- Use it to change the mood
- Draw attension to something
The color wheel is a great reference when you're choosing an appealing color scheme here are some of the most common types of color schemes.
Monochromatic color scheme is made up of one color plus either white black or gray to create tints, tones, and shades. Here you have a variety of 10 tones and shades of red.
Characteristics of monochromatic scheme:
- Only one color
- Best to use in single objects
- Easy apply for atmospheric prespective
Analogous color scheme is made up of 24 colors sitting next to each other on the color wheel either just a few examples of analogous color schemes.
Characteristics of Analogous color Scheme:
- Colors adjacent on color wheel
- Simple and easy for viewer eye
- Peaceful, Comfortable mood
- Seen in Nature
Triadic color scheme is made up of three colors that are evenly spaced around the color wheel again these are just a few examples of triadic color schemes.
Characteristics of triadic Scheme:
- Equally distant on wheel
- hard to fulfill
- Best for cartoon and surreal scenes
Complementary colors sit opposite to each other on the color wheel. The most common pairs are red and green purple and yellow and orange and blue. Putting these next to each other creates great contrast and visual interest but they can easily overpower each other so it's important to use them carefully. It's not wise to use complementary colors for text because colors appear to be vibrant and annoying.
Characteristics of complementary scheme:
- opposing colors on color wheel
- very popular
- naturally pleasing to eye
- use one color as the main color and the other as secondary color
Split complementary color scheme is made up of a base color and the two colors adjacent to its complementary color.
Characteristics of splitcomplementary scheme:
- Similar to complementary scheme
- More creative fredom
- feels lively, joyous
Characterestic of Tetratic (Double Complementary)
- Two opposite colors in the color wheel
- Best to use in the fore and background
- Never use 25% of each
- Hard but pleasing